436,117,076,640,000,000 seconds-and-counting

“436 quadrillion, 117 trillion, 076 billion, 640 million” seconds as of 2013.

Most recent update: Monday , July 2, 2016

First calculations: Saturday, April 29, 2017

Report on NASA Marshall Space Flight Center SpaceApp Challenge, Huntsville, Alabama

*Here, time appears quite finite, derivative, discrete, and quantized* (new window).

**Please Note**: When we get an exact date and time for the measurement by the Planck space observatory [European Space Agency (ESA), 2009 to 2013], we will add that amount of time to this total, then turn the clock on! We will also need to learn how to implement an appropriate “digital clock code” within our most-limited version of WordPress (i.e. free). Then, we will rather arbitrarily start the *Universe Clock* by adding the intervening time — the years, months, days, and hours (always in seconds) to 436,117,076,640,000,000 seconds.

**Determining that base number**. We know there are 60 seconds in a minute, 3600 seconds in an hour, 86,400 seconds per day (and 604,800 per week and approximately 18,144,000 per month (using 30 days). The calculations for seconds per year vary. It is an on-going problem and imperfect calculation. We have used the Wikipedia discussion to answer the question, “How many seconds within a year?” We follow the International Standards of Quantities (ISO 80000-3), for the average Gregorian year, 365.2425 days per years. It is subject to change.

Today, there is a wide-range of estimates:

- 31,536,000 uses 365 days per year
- 31,556,952 uses 365.2425 per year
- 31,557,600 uses 365.25 days per year

For now, we will use 31,556,952 seconds/year. 31,556,952,000,000,000 in a billion years or an aeon. Multiply 31,556,952,000,000,000 by 13.82 ( billion years) and you get 436,117,076,640,000,000.

**Most of us think the universe has no age. It is forever**. Fortunately, among all the disagreements, some consensus is developing as a result of data provided by the Planck space observatory [European Space Agency (ESA), 2009 to 2013].

If we believe that the Planck space observatory’s measurements are correct (and we are still wrestling with the proper interpretation of that data), the universe is 13.82 billion years old as of some day in 2013. Multiply 13.82 billion times 31,556,952 seconds and it should equal approximately 436,117,076,640,000,000 seconds in 2013.

Again, once we learn how to code advancing seconds within this WordPress base platform, we’ll crank it up and *The Universe Clock* will go live! The URL, http://universeclock.com (as well as .net, and .org and .us) will point to some aspect of it.

**Why have this Universe Clock?**

In 1716 Isaac Newton won a de facto debate with Gottfried Leibniz. It was not because he had the better argument. He didn’t. Leibniz died and he was unable to respond through Newton’s intermediary, Samuel Clarke. Newton’s point of view became dominant, and then it became commonsense. We all grew up believing that space and time were absolute. Many different studies today are demonstrating that the universe is actually quite finite. It has a beginning and the so-called end is the current time and the current size of the Universe.

**That changes everything**. *And, the Universe Clock brings it home*. It demonstrates the finiteness of time. It makes the universe more tangible. This work started in December 2011 within a high school geometry class in New Orleans. It has progressed rather slowly.

**For more about an integrated view of the universe, go to** http://81018.com

To see a chart of the universe from the Planck units to the Age of the Universe, go to http://81018.com/chart/ It is all very simple math – multiplication by 2 (sometimes called doubling or powers of two or base-2 exponentiation).

**Why?** First, it gives us a completely integrated view of the universe. Second, it opens a new door on the infinitesimally small universe, notations 1 to 67. If this logic holds and there are fields within fields within fields, we should begin to better understand the basis for homogeneity and isotropy. Here we should discover the simple math that defines dark energy and dark matter. Just follow the progression from Planck Mass and Planck Charge. Here we really should find a way to get out from under the Big Bang Theory. All of its epochs are more accurately and pointedly defined through the natural inflation of these progressions.

That is quite enough for now. There is much more to come!

– Bruce

********

Bruce Camber

#3 NASA SpaceApps Challenge Report

Some Of The People Involved Throughout The Years

**An invitation**: Please join us and be part of this effort.

**History of this little blog**:

**Sunday, July 2, 2017**: Corrected simple multiplication errors. Added links.**Thursday, May 18, 2017**: @sciencebase How old is the universe when measured in 2013? 13.82 billion years (ESA-Planck-2013). How many seconds is that? 436,117,076,640,000,000. http://universeclock.com**First email to reference this blog**: May 14, 2017 sent to Phil Plait, author,

*The Universe Is 13.82 Billion Years Old*(written March 21 2013)**First Tweets: May 14, 2017**

@BadAstronomer You inspired it just two hours ago: http://universeclock.com ( a product of http://81018.com )

@TimWetherell http://universeclock.com is a product of http://81018.com

@chelswhyte Let’s get loud: http://81018.com Help open the universe up in a logical way. Be a voice in the wilderness.**First posted on May 14, 2017**